Democratic decentralisation and people’s participation is increasingly becoming a subject of discussion considering its importance in social development. Democracy will be more meaningful when it becomes closer to the people. Strengthening of local governments, by means of devolving functions, functionaries and finance is found to be one of the effective ways of decentralisation. And such experiments are being made all over the world. The key to the success of decentralisation lies in the level of people’s participation. In turn, the effective participation of people depends on the capacity building for equipping people to participate in local level planning, monitoring and implementation. Models are being emerged based on learning-by-doing. Kerala, the southernmost state in india, has successfully experimented democratic decentralisation and people’s participation in local level planning.

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