Tribais and their Participation in Panchayati Raj A Case Study of Ranchi
The village panchayat is firmly entrenched in Indian tradition continued to exist till the beginning of the 19th century in an effective way. Even when it disappeared the tradition lingered. With the passage time, the traditional panchayat paved way for the statutory panchayat. Consequently the organizational structure as well as functions of the traditional panchayat underwent changes and were taken over by the statutory panchayat. The focus of interest, too, underwent change these statutory panchayats have now been entrusted with developmental activities of villages. The Indian constitution sought revives the spirit by including it in the Directive Principles of State Policy. It states that, "The state shall take steps to organise village panchayats and to endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government"