Women's political participation and changing pattern of leadership in rural areas of UP.
Women, after being marginalized for long are being brought to the forefront through their involvement in decision making process. Passage of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment played a key role in it. Through reservation, leadership of women was given statutory status. This status is a channel to address the issue of women empowerment and to wipe away inequality prevailing in the society. Leadership of women in the context of Uttar Pradesh is still at a growing stage. They are still in the learning process to take up leadership roles. The reservation alone can, however, not solve the problems. It may rather create its own problems. It is, therefore, necessary to examine all aspects, which affect participation of women in political process. Today, Panchayati Raj Institutions are the most important institutions to facilitate planning, participation, mobilization of resources and to evoke people initiative. These institutions have brought governance closer to the people in general and women in particular.